In our previous blogs and webinars we have discussed the significant improvements and architectural changes coming to Apache Hadoop .Next (0.23). To recap, the major ones are:
- Federation for Scaling HDFS – HDFS has undergone a transformation to separate Namespace management from the Block (storage) management to allow for significant scaling of the filesystem. In previous architectures, they were intertwined in the NameNode.
- NextGen MapReduce (aka YARN) – MapReduce has undergone a complete overhaul in hadoop-0.23, including a fundamental change to split up the major functionalities of the JobTracker, resource management and job scheduling/monitoring into separate daemons. The idea is to have a global ResourceManager (RM) and per-application ApplicationMaster (AM). An application is either a single job in the classical sense of Map-Reduce jobs or a DAG of jobs. Thus, Hadoop becomes a general purpose data-processing platform that can support MapReduce as well as other application execution frameworks such as MPI, Graph processing, Iterative processing etc.