Manage Files on HDFS with Ambari Files View
In the previous tutorial, we learned to manage files on the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) with the command line. Now we will use Ambari Files View to perform many of the file management operations on HDFS that we learned with CLI, but through the web-based interface.
- Downloaded and Installed latest HDP Sandbox
- If you’re planning to deploy your sandbox on Azure, refer to this tutorial: Deploying the Sandbox on Azure
- Learning the Ropes of the HDP Sandbox
- Allow yourself around 1 hour to complete this tutorial.
Download San Francisco Salary Related Datasets
We will download sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv and sf-salaries-2014.csv data onto our local filesystems of our computer. The commands are tailored for mac and linux users.
Open a terminal on your local machine, copy and paste the commands to download the sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv and sf-salaries-2014.csv files. We will use them while we learn file management operations.
cd ~/Downloads # download sf-salaries-2011-2013 wget https://github.com/hortonworks/data-tutorials/raw/master/tutorials/hdp/manage-files-on-hdfs-via-cli-ambari-files-view/assets/sf-salary-datasets/sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv # download sf-salaries-2014 wget https://github.com/hortonworks/data-tutorials/raw/master/tutorials/hdp/manage-files-on-hdfs-via-cli-ambari-files-view/assets/sf-salary-datasets/sf-salaries-2014.csv mkdir sf-salary-datasets mv sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv sf-salaries-2014.csv sf-salary-datasets/
- Step 1: Create a Directory in HDFS, Upload a file and List Contents
- Step 2: Find Out Space Utilization in a HDFS Directory
- Step 3: Download File From HDFS to Local Machine(Mac, Windows, Linux)
- Step 4: Explore Two Advanced Features
- Further Reading
Create Directory Tree in User
1. Login to Ambari Interface at
127.0.0.1:8080. Use the following login credentials in Table 1.
Table 1: Ambari Login credentials
Ambari password setup process, refer to step 2.2 Setup Ambari Admin Password Manually of Learning the Ropes of the HDP Sandbox.
The Files View Interface will appear with the following default folders.
3. We will create 4 folders using the Files View web-interface. All three folders: sf-salaries-2011-2013, sf-salaries and sf-salaries-2014 will reside in the hadoop folder, which resides in user. Navigate into the user folder. Click the new folder button , an add new folder window appears and name the folder
hadoop. Press enter or Add
4. Navigate into the hadoop folder. Create the three folders: sf-salaries-2011-2013, sf-salaries and sf-salaries-2014 following the process stated in the previous instruction.
Upload Local Machine Files to HDFS
We will upload two files from our local machine: sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv and sf-salaries-2014.csv to appropriate HDFS directories.
1. Navigate through the path
/user/hadoop/sf-salaries-2011-2013 or if you’re already in hadoop, enter the sf-salaries-2011-2013 folder. Click the upload button to transfer sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv into HDFS.
An Upload file window appears:
2. Click on the cloud with an arrow. A window with files from your local machine appears, find sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv in the Downloads/sf-salary-datasets folder, select it and then press open button.
3. In Files View, navigate to the hadoop folder and enter the sf-salaries-2014 folder. Repeat the upload file process to upload sf-salaries-2014.csv.
View and Examine Directory Contents
Each time we open a directory, the Files View automatically lists the contents. Earlier we started in the user directory.
1. Let’s navigate back to the user directory to examine the details given by the contents. Reference the image below while you read the Directory Contents Overview.
/ Directory Contents Overview of Columns
- Name are the files/folders
- Size contains bytes for the Contents
- Last Modified includes the date/time the content was created or Modified
- Owner is who owns that contents
- Group is who can make changes to the files/folders
- Permissions establishes who can read, write and execute data
In the command line when the directories and files are listed with the
hadoop fs -du /user/hadoop/, the size of the directory and file is shown. In Files View, we must navigate to the file to see the size, we are not able to see the size of the directory even if it contains files.
Let’s view the size of sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv file. Navigate through
/user/hadoop/sf-salaries-2011-2013. How much space has the file utilized? Files View shows 11.2 MB for sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv.
Files View enables users to download files and folders to their local machine with ease.
Let’s download the sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv file to our computer. Click on the file’s row, the row’s color becomes blue, a group of file operations will appear, select the Download button. The default directory the file downloads to is our Download folder on our local machine.
File Concatenation merges two files together. If we concatenate sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv with sf-salaries-2014.csv, the data from sf-salaries-2014.csv will be appended to the end of sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv. A typical use case for a user to use this feature is when they have similar large datasets that they want to merge together. The manual process to combine large datasets is inconvenient, so file concatenation was created to do the operation instantly.
1. Before we merge the csv files, we must place them in the same folder. Click on sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv row, it will highlight in blue, then press copy and in the copy window appears, select the sf-salaries-2014 folder and press Copy to copy the csv file to it.
2. We will merge two large files together by selecting them both and performing concatenate operation. Navigate to the sf-salaries-2014 folder. Select sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv, hold shift and click on sf-salaries-2014.csv. Click the concatenate button. The files will be downloaded into the Download folder on your local machine.
3. By default, Files View saves the merged files as a txt file, we can open the file and save it as a csv file. Then open the csv file and you will notice that all the salaries from 2014 are appended to the salaries from 2011-2013.
Copy Files or Directories recursively
Copy file or directories recursively means all the directory’s files and subdirectories to the bottom of the directory tree are copied. For instance, we will copy the hadoop directory and all of its contents to a new location within our hadoop cluster. In production, the copy operation is used to copy large datasets within the hadoop cluster or between 2 or more clusters.
2. The Copy to window will appear. Select the tmp folder, the row will turn blue. If you select the folder icon, the contents of tmp become visible. Make sure the row is highlighted blue to do the copy. Click the blue Copy button to copy the hadoop folder recursively to this new location.
3. A new copy of the hadoop folder and all of its contents can be found in the tmp folder. Navigate to tmp for verification. Check that all of the hadoop folder’s contents copied successfully.
Congratulations! We just learned to use the Files View to manage our sf-salaries-2011-2013.csv and sf-salaries-2014.csv dataset files in HDFS. We learned to create, upload and list the contents in our directories. We also acquired the skills to download files from HDFS to our local file system and explored a few advanced features of HDFS file management.